Ganesh Chaturthi or Vinayaka Chaturthi is a Hindu festival which is celebrated with great devotion all over the country as well as outside India too by Indians all over the world.
Ganesh utsav is a 10 day festival which starts on Ganesh chaturthi and ends on Anant chaturthi.
It is believed that Lord Ganesha, the son of God Shiva and Godess Parvati bestows his presence during this festival.
Devotees of Lord Ganesha bring home Ganesha idols for the sthapna/ स्थापना. Sthapana/ स्थापना means make them seated at a particular place and decorate the place as per there wish.
Ganesha idol can be kept for say 1.5 day, 3 days, 5 days, 7 days or 9 days and then on 10th day i.e. anant chaturthi the idol is immersed in water/ river/ sea.
But these days to keep our rivers clean we can immerse idols in a tub of water and then once the clay is dissolved it can be used to water plants.
Ganesha puja on the Chaturthi/चतुर्थी day i.e. 4th day after amavasya, is usually performed as per the Muhurat, which can be checked form kalnirya panchang, or pundits/ guruji. Puja means the traditional ceremony by which God is worshiped.
For sthapana the sthaan/ place where Ganehsa will sit is cleaned and decorated. Raw rice grains/ considered the symbol of growth are used to make asan/ seat by spreading them on the place. Over the rice grains, place one supaari and put haldi and kumkum on the supari. Supari is also symbolism of ganesha…. “Ganpati Bappa Moriya” is recited during sthapana and then the Ganpati Idol is placed over this preparation.. Generally the senior male member brings in the idol by keeping them on head inside the house.
After the stapana supari, almond, kharik(date), one fruits and dakshina is placed over paan leaves/ beetle leaves along with A coconut.
Nevedyam is prepared of panchamrut / charnamrut ( milk, curd, honey, ghee, sugar).
Also khirapat is made of coconut. The most favorite of all is “Modak”, Additionally fruits and sweets are offered as prasadam.
A Tika of ashthagandha or Sandalwood paste is applied on the forehead of the Deity and other members too.
Aarti Diya’s are lit and agarbatti to fragrant the place, agarbattis, dhoop, (insense and fragrance)
Then we offer 21 Druva grass blades (with 3 stems), 21 Modakas, and Flowers to Ganesha.
Importance of 21 – ekavimshati is asanskrit word which means (5+5+5+5+1) for
5 organs of perception [gyanendriya] (nose – smell, tongue – taste, eyes -sight, skin – touch, ear – sound) +
5 organs of action (karmendriya) +
5 pancha prana (vital enrgy forces) +
5 basic elemnts of nature (panch bhoota – Prithvi(earth), Vaayu (air), Jal (rain), Agni (fire), Aakash (sky/space) and
the one mind, which all adds to 21.
Everyone doing aarti should dress well after a bath and attend the sacred rituals.
Various aarti’s are perfomred the main is
“sukhkarta Dukhharta varta vignachi”
and “shendur lal chadhayo”
At last camphor tabs/ kapur aarti is performed and then after taking arti and offering flowers to idol prasad is distributed to all attendees.
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